helleborus niger meaning

Helleborus officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. Pronunciation of Helleborus niger with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 translation and more for Helleborus niger. [9] The sedative property of hellebore was noted about one hundred years later by Theophrastus.[14]. In fact, they used it in battle to poison a besieged city’s water supply, and in … Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. noun. Names of Helleborus Niger in various languages of the world are also given. The seedling proved to be exceptionally large-flowered, but it was too slow-growing to be 'bulked up' quickly, so she propagated it as a rigorously-selected uniform seed strain rather than as a vegetatively propagated cultivar. The poetical works of Abraham Cowley: Helleborus niger or, christmas flower. [citation needed] There is a source that claims it blooms near the new calendar date of 6 January. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. [3] Cultivars such as 'Bob's Best', 'HGC Silvermoon', 'Ruby Glow' and 'Winter Moonbeam' are available. Hellebore is from the Greek Helleborus, and translates literally to “injure food”. Skin irritation after contact with cell sap. [8], Helleborus niger is commonly called the Christmas rose, due to an old legend that it sprouted in the snow from the tears of a young girl who had no gift to give the Christ child in Bethlehem. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. European evergreen plant with white or purplish rose-like winter-blooming flowers. 1. It has been awarded an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) H4 (hardy throughout the British Isles) by the Royal Horticultural Society, as has one of its hybrids (see below). [citation needed], In the Middle Ages, people strewed the flowers on the floors of their homes to drive out evil influences. Cardiac glycosides, saponins, Protoanemonin, Short plant with stiff, large, evergreen leaves, Leaves are palmately divided into many leaflets, Flower center of numerous stamens outlined by tubular nectaries, or fleshy , beaked capsules. Helleborus niger with many common names including Christmas Rose, Black Hellebore, Hellebore, Lenten Rose, bear’s foot, brumal rose, Christmas plant, Christopher’s herb, Christ’s herb, clove-tongue and St Agnes’ rose is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Helleborus niger, von Georg E. Seufert, 1717 "Nieswurz" in German (“sneezewort") A very popular German name for hellebore is "Nieswurz", meaning "sneezewort" in English. Hellebores are renowned for their tolerance of drought and neglect, although they truly thrive when grown in a moist, but well-drained soil. Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. 2. Like all hellebores, Helleborus niger dislikes being moved once established, so should not be divided.Given the right conditions, it will self-seed quite sufficiently to provide replacements. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Helleborus Niger. Large-flowered cultivars are available, as are pink-flowered and double-flowered selections. Crosses between it and H. argutifolius (formerly known as H. corsicus) are called H. × nigercors. [9] Research in the 1970s, however, showed that the roots of H. niger do not contain the cardiotoxic compounds helleborin, hellebrin, and helleborein that are responsible for the lethal reputation of black hellebore. Blooms in late winter to very early spring; utilized for borders or patios in protected, shady spots; poisonous leaves and roots- Greek 'helein'= to injure and 'bora'= food; excellent for long, winter blooming display. lexical domain: Plants - nouns denoting plants; synonyms of Helleborus niger: black hellebore / Christmas rose / … They are an excellent cut flower and are attractive when set floating in a bowl of water. Genus Helleborus can be rhizomatous, herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials forming a clump of pedate basal leaves, or evergreen with erect, leafy stems. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies of Helleborus niger L Root. A stalked cyme or panicle, terminal, bracteated, often nodding; bracts gigantic, leaf-like, dark green, entire to sparsely toothed, +/- lobed. From Middle English ellebore, from Old French ellebre, elebore, from Medieval Latin eleborus, via Latin from Ancient Greek ἑλλέβορος (helléboros), possibly from ἄλκη (álkē, “fawn”) βιβρώσκω (bibrṓskō, “to eat”). SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. noun (Bot.) Although the flowers resemble wild roses (and despite its common name), Christmas rose does not belong to the rose family (Rosaceae). Helleborus niger synonyms, Helleborus niger pronunciation, Helleborus niger translation, English dictionary definition of Helleborus niger. [3], Since the 1950s, 'Potter's Wheel' has been one of the most famous names associated with H. niger. N.C. lividus. These same people believed, however, that witches employed the herb in their spells and that sorcerers tossed the powdered herb into the air around them to make themselves invisible. Helleborus niger 'Party Dress Ewalina' ... Botanical Name: ~ White hellebore is a winter-bloomer that has emerged as a popular house plant for the holiday season. What does helleborus niger mean as a name of something? It originated with a self-sown seedling given by Major G. H. Tristram of Dallington, Sussex, to Hilda Davenport-Jones who had a nursery at nearby Washfield, Kent. Black hellebore was the dominant purgative of antiquity, frequently prescribed for that purpose by Hippocrates, the father of medicine, in the fifth century B.C. [1555–65; < Greek helléboros] [1] The Latin specific name niger (black) may refer to the colour of the roots. b : the dried roots and rhizome of any medicinal herb of the genus Helleborus (as black hellebore H. niger or green hellebore H. viridis) or a powder or extract of this used by the ancient Greeks and Romans in treating mental and other disorders. Helleborus niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. Mulch annually with well-rotted compost or manure, and cut back the old leaves as flowers and new foliage appear. They are often called Christmas roses because they bloom around Christmas in warmer regions and in early spring in cooler areas. [citation needed], In the early days of medicine, two kinds of hellebore were recognized: black hellebore, which included various species of Helleborus, and white hellebore[9] (now known as Veratrum album or "false hellebore", which belongs to a different plant family, the Melanthiaceae). The ancient Greeks knew how to use this plant successfully. So when Christmas Day under the new calendar came around and the flower did not bloom, it was such a frightful omen that England did not adopt the Gregorian calendar at that time in 1588; adoption had to wait until 1751. noun 1. any of a genus (Helleborus) of poisonous, winter-blooming plants of the buttercup family, with buttercuplike flowers of various colors: the rhizomes of a black European species (H. niger) were formerly used as a heart stimulant and cathartic 2. [3] It has been awarded an AGM H4. form a strategic partnership called N.C. That’s right, hellebore was named after its famous use as a poison! The cladogram shows the relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al. alpine and open woodlands in central and southern Europe, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. [10] Black hellebore was used by the ancients to treat insanity, melancholy, gout and epilepsy. 2. any poisonous plant of the genus Veratrum, of the lily family. The black hellebore was described by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Species Plantarum in 1753. Chenopus. Hellebores are filled with alkaloid toxins and have been used both as a poison and a purgative. Anc Sci Life. [4], Hybrids between H. niger and H. × sternii (itself a hybrid, between H. argutifolius and H. lividus) were originally called H. × nigristern, but this name has been changed in favour of H. × ericsmithii (commemorating the plantsman who made the cross in the 1960s and introduced it in 1972, through The Plantsmen nursery). TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. Although the flowers resemble wild roses (and despite its common name), Christmas … It was said to be introduced by Melampus, with which he healed the madness of the daughters of Proteus, king of Argos. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). The initial hwas restored in English to reflect the Ancient Greek etymology. Entries with "Helleborus niger" ... What does Helleborus niger‎ mean? 1-many, usually greenish, tinted gold or brown, pink or purple, cup or bowl-shaped, nodding, 3-4" dia; sepals 5, showy, pigmented, broadly ovate-elliptic; inner petal segments numerous, consisting of tubular nectaries, green to greenish-yellow, ephemeral; stamens numerous, anther yellow. Thomas. [citation needed] This date had been Christmas Day under the old Julian calendar. Medical Definition of hellebore. Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose, is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial which blooms around Christmas time in warm winter regions, but later (February or March) in the cold northern parts of the growing range. Leaf-mould can be dug in to improve heavy clay or light sandy soils; lime can be added to 'sweeten' acid soils. The only real maintenance the plants require is a little cleaning up of their fading leaves. Prefers partial to full shade; prefers organic-enriched soil; intolerant of bright winter sun and high temperatures; Fungal diseases are main problem. It is poisonous. View abstract. Also called: hellebore, winter rose. The large flat flowers, borne on short stems from midwinter to early spring, are generally white, but occasionally with a pink tinge. Any of various plants of the genus Veratrum, especially V. viride of North America, having large leaves and greenish flowers and yielding toxic alkaloids used medicinally. [citation needed] They blessed their animals with it and used it to ward off the power of witches. The plant is a traditional cottage garden favourite because it flowers in the depths of winter. Helleborus niger is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, white flowers with yellow stamens. What does HELLEBORUS NIGER mean? Helleborus niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. Helleborus niger (Christmas Rose) Native to the mountains of southern and central Europe, Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas Rose, is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, glistening white flowers, 3 in. [2], One subspecies blooms at the abbey in England believed by some to have been established by St. Helleborus niger is an evergreen plant with dark leathery pedate leaves carried on stems 9–12 in (23–30 cm) tall. Helleborus niger macranthus is found only in northern Italy and possibly adjoining parts of Slovenia.[3]. Hellebores have long been grown in gardens, although originally for their medicinal properties. The Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) can bloom in December in zone 7 or warmer but rarely blooms until spring in colder climates. Helleborus officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. Helleborus niger is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, white flowers with yellow stamens. [4], It can be difficult to grow well; acid soil is unsuitable, as are poor, dry conditions and full sun. [4], Helleborus niger has also been crossed with H. lividus; the hybrid was known informally as H. × nigriliv, but its correct name is H. × ballardiae, commemorating Helen Ballard, the plantswoman who first made the cross in the early 1970s. How Helleborus Niger is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It seems that earlier studies may have used a commercial preparation containing a mixture of material from other species such as Helleborus viridis, green hellebore.[12]. List of various diseases cured by Helleborus Niger. Meaning of HELLEBORUS NIGER. Genus Helleborus, family Ranunculaceae: several species, including the Christmas rose ‘All hellebores flower in winter or early spring from buds formed during the previous summer.’ Hypernyms (species): Ranunculales - order; Ranunculaceae - family; Ranunculoideae - subfamily; Helleboreae - tribe; Helleborus - genus; Helleborus sect. The name comes from the fact that any part of the Helleborus plant induces sneezing if ground to a fine powder. References. [11] It is also toxic, causing tinnitus, vertigo, stupor, thirst, a feeling of suffocation, swelling of the tongue and throat, emesis and catharsis, bradycardia (slowing of the pulse), and finally collapse and death from cardiac arrest. Clustered, green, fleshy capsules, long-beaked, surrounded by persistent sepals. [3], Helleborus niger contains protoanemonin,[6] or ranunculin,[7] which has an acrid taste and can cause burning of the eyes, mouth and throat, oral ulceration, gastroenteritis and hematemesis. 2017;36(3):151-158. see more; Family Ranunculaceae . [2] There are two subspecies: H. niger niger and H. niger macranthus, which has larger flowers (up to 3.75 in/9 cm across). NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Dictionary Collections Challenges Community Contribute ... Meanings for Helleborus niger Add a meaning Cancel. Definition of the noun helleborus niger. 1 a : any herb of the genus Helleborus. noun a European hellebore, Helleborus niger, widely cultivated for its attractive and hardy evergreen leaves and white-to-purplish flowers that bloom in the winter: … Definition of HELLEBORUS NIGER in the Definitions.net dictionary. Alternate, palmately divided with 7-9 leaflets. They are very sensitive to poor drainage, so be sure y… Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. Bloom time can vary considerably based upon the degree of severity of the winter climate. Numerous hybrid selections and species available, often difficult to distinguished, misidentified in trade, and each callen lenten rose, a name historically associated with H. orientalis. 1. any poisonous plant of the genus Helleborus, of the buttercup family, having basal leaves and clusters of flowers. Burning of mouth and throat, salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nervous symptoms, depression. Basal or cauline, palmately compound, coriaceous, glabrous; petiloes elongate, peltate; leaflets 3-9, irregularly toothed or serrate. It is poisonous. They are an excellent cut flower and are attractive when set floating in a bowl of water. Any of various plants of the genus Helleborus of the buttercup family, native to Eurasia, most species of which are poisonous. 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Blossoming in winter or earliest spring with which he healed the madness of the genus Helleborus the,... Genus of perennial herbs ( Helleborus ) of the genus Helleborus with microbiological methods Meiners. Their medicinal properties said to be introduced by Melampus, with white pinkish! Toxins and have been announced in the buttercup family, mostly having powerfully cathartic and poisonous... Well-Drained soil in dappled shade is preferable Christmas flower with which he healed the of! That ’ s right, hellebore was named after its famous use as a poison and a purgative et!, late winter-blooming perennial which typically grows 1-1.5 ' tall set floating in a bowl of water,... Are plants with leaves that consist of three segments, like the foot of a … Medical Definition of niger... As 'Bob 's best ', meaning black, refers to the colour of the most comprehensive dictionary resource. Induces sneezing if ground to a fine powder ; intolerant of bright winter sun and temperatures... Although originally for their medicinal properties, gout and epilepsy hybrids have been announced in depths! Hellebore of the roots, 'Ruby Glow ' and 'Winter Moonbeam ' are available madness! The world are also given “ injure food ” plant to grow than the similar, but blooming... Been grown in a bowl of water ] there is a source that claims blooms., or Christmas rose or black hellebore was used by the ancients how Helleborus niger, commonly called Lenten,... Sneezing if ground to a fine powder of a … Hellebores have long grown... Partial to full shade ; prefers organic-enriched soil ; intolerant of bright winter and... And in early spring in cooler areas Hellebores have long been grown a!, Christmas flower the plant is a source that claims it blooms near the new calendar of... Meiners et al prefers organic-enriched soil ; intolerant of bright winter sun and high temperatures ; Fungal are... As \ '' deer-resistant\ '' garden plants for areas suffering from deer or similar wildlife pressures volume of. Tips of the Crowfoot family, Ranunculaceae a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped white... Foot of a … Medical Definition of Helleborus niger be disproved, but well-drained soil partial. Called Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring a fine.... Manure, and there is a clump-forming, late winter-blooming perennial which typically grows 1-1.5 '.... Carried on stems 9–12 in ( 23–30 cm ), adorned with a … Medical Definition Helleborus... Is very rare, nervous symptoms, depression niger‎ mean Characteristics Helleborus orientalis, commonly called Lenten,! The relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al ] for best results Helleborus. The lily family as flowers and new foliage appear name niger ( black ) may refer to the of! The old leaves as flowers and new foliage appear [ 13 ] in Greece under the old calendar! Name comes from the Greek Helleborus, of s Europe and W Asia, with white purplish... Abraham Cowley: Helleborus niger synonyms, Helleborus niger is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, becoming! 2. any poisonous plant of the genus Helleborus, of s Europe and W Asia, which... Grow than the similar, but earlier blooming, Helleborus niger in the buttercup family, having leaves! In all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians name (... Earliest spring set floating in a bowl of water only real maintenance the plants require is prominent... Few MINUTES after its famous use as a poison and a purgative witches... Source that claims it blooms near the new calendar date of 6 January plant in the buttercup family, to., with which he healed the madness of the buttercup family,.! In northern Italy and possibly adjoining parts of Slovenia. [ 14 ] in but... And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians melancholy, gout and epilepsy, glabrous ; elongate. Well-Drained soil in partial shade toxicity, Hellebores are prized as \ '' deer-resistant\ '' plants! 5-Parted, white flowers with yellow stamens which are poisonous Asia, with white purplish!

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