the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting

She’s published dozens of articles and book reviews spanning a wide range of topics, including health, relationships, psychology, science, and much more. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. When Montezuma Met Cortés The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History (eBook) : Restall, Matthew : "On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. MEXICO - MAY 14: Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. 521x600 The Encounter Between Hernando Cortes 1485 1547 And Montezuma Ii - Montezuma Painting . 0 0. x�b``e``�����h����1� ځ$. 289x400 Montezuma A Hostage In Cortes Hands Arthur A. Dixon Reproduction - Montezuma Painting. 0000006605 00000 n When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History - Ebook written by Matthew Restall. Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: Is It Working? 0000005567 00000 n The two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances. You have come to satisfy your curiosity about your … Required fields are marked *. When Montezuma spoke, he chose to portray false humility. When Montezuma Met Cortés digs deep into the details of 16th-century exploration and imperialism (including 150 pages of footnotes and bibliography), but it also rolls along easily with Restall's colloquial asides and skeptical common sense. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. <]>> Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History. And, you’ll begin to notice the patterns by which those strategies fail. In our modern, seemingly borderless world, we have no choice but to interact with strangers, which started, effectively, with Cortés and Montezuma. But when it comes to strangers, nothing is as simple as it seems, as we’ve seen with Cortés and Montezuma. Mexica (Aztec). One answer to this question lies in the difference between the way Cortés and Montezuma communicated, based on their cultural tradition. Why was Cortés able to conquer Montezuma and the Aztecs so easily? xref But is this really what happened? 400x267 Hernan Cortes Meeting Montezuma, Painting By Juan Ortega, 1885 - Montezuma Painting. 0 0. �u'���AoKk����gvI���T���敮�ݫ�%������©21V�±� ^z�u�� [M5�T;k��Z�.��&�! 0000080324 00000 n 0000006692 00000 n But when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico in 1519, he began an entirely new kind of encounter in human history. The problem at the heart of the two puzzles is that people assume that they can make sense of others based on relatively simple strategies. Download this stock image: The meeting of Montezuma and Cortes, as represented in a Spanish painting - WH8WAW from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. And Moctezuma responded: "Yes, I am Moctezuma." The calendar stone and idols are based on sketches that artist Constantino Brumidi made in Mexico City. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images) 0000000016 00000 n Why does meeting a stranger face-to-face sometimes make it harder to make sense of that person than it would be without meeting them at all? Here's what you'll find in our full Talking to Strangers summary: Amanda Penn is a writer and reading specialist. In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses "the Meeting"--as Restall dubs their first encounter--as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. But to Cortés, Montezuma’s humble words sounded like surrender. Then he addressed him in these words: "Our lord, you are very welcome in your arrival in this land. … Montezuma’s native language, Nahuatl, was a reverential mode of speech. The meeting of Moctezuma II and Cortés: detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río (1976). Hernando Cortez or Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Montezuma II, last Aztec emperor, 1519. Then he stood up to welcome Cortés, to meet him face to face. The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. 0000009361 00000 n They had to go through a long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other. From Cortés, Second Letter, 85–89. In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. This introduction has long been the symbol of Cortés’s military genius. In our modern, seemingly borderless world, we have no choice but to interact with strangers, which started, effectively, with Cortés and Montezuma. 0000001033 00000 n Conclusion. Montezuma welcomed the Spanish with gifts as he did not know what to think of the Spanish and had no idea whether they be good or evil. Mexico, 16th century. A 17th century CE oil painting depicting the meeting of Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes and Aztec ruler Montezuma (Motecuhzoma II) in 1519 CE (via Ancient History Encyclopedia) Various scenes of the conquest play out over the ten front panels, among them the meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma, the siege of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, and the assassination of Moctezuma. endstream endobj 56 0 obj<>/Size 33/Type/XRef>>stream Relates to 159. MEXICO - MAY 14: Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. We’ll cover how Cortés and Montezuma met, and look at how this meeting between two people of completely different backgrounds, mindsets, and assumptions is indicative of misreadings of strangers that are common today. Mexico, 16th century. 0000003777 00000 n Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire and touched off a wave of colonial invasions across the hemisphere. In 1517, Moctezuma received the first reports of Europeans landing on the east coast of his empire; this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who had landed on San Juan de Ulúa, which although within Totonac territory was under the auspices of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma ordered that he be kept informed of any new sightings of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish this. Yet we, as a society, are incompetent at making sense of the strangers we come across. 0 Mexico, 16th century. The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers. Your email address will not be published. Upon meeting the Aztec ruler Montezuma II and discovering the capital, Tenochtitlán, Cortés and his men were in awe. 30 June 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on the Night of Tears. 0000001979 00000 n Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. In today’s world, people often find themselves in encounters like that between Cortés and Montezuma—interactions with complete strangers. 0000003385 00000 n 0000001831 00000 n 0000001200 00000 n On November 8, 1519,  Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, in Tenochtitlan. Why can’t we identify when a stranger is lying to our face? 0000002722 00000 n Painted in the seventeenth century, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the native Aztec people. So what should we do? 0000006542 00000 n If our society is to avoid failed interactions between strangers, we must learn to: Most importantly, we must learn not to blame the stranger when an encounter goes awry, but to look into how our own instincts might have played a part, as well. The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers. That was how he communicated his nobility and power. They had never seen a city as grand or a culture as drastically different from their own. Landing on the Mexican coast on Good... Free shipping over $10. 0000001481 00000 n There are three major strategies that people use to make sense of strangers: These three strategies ultimately fail because they operate under the assumption that simple clues are enough evidence of a stranger’s internal thoughts or intentions. The Conquest of Mexico paintings are significant both artistically and historically. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. :�5�+������U{�&z%�e,�p �\�^����������N���V�cC#:�����{T�Szǒ�8���t�[���D�Þ�-˽� p��%B�"��RG��p瑍����>p�t��H0��:%Ek4�25M�"��Q�E�w.l) ��#1�#��-~���7�Y��v��6������P|�߹Z�Cp� 0000080095 00000 n Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Motecuhzoma II). If Cortes is Quetzalcoatl, then it would be reasonable for Montezuma to believe anything that the god is telling him. ����4�v�������&6h&010д҈c8Ɛ�`� q�׀1�������f��@����� There are two major puzzles about interacting with strangers, like the interaction of Cortés and Montezuma, that this book will attempt to answer. (1520) About the Frieze of American History. 0000080784 00000 n Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, … Montezuma was in the courtyard of the palace of Axayacatl waiting to receive Cortes and his train. The frieze in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol contains a painted panorama depicting significant events in American history. 0 0. 33 25 Cortes and Montezuma are holding hands; Montezuma receives new messages, in picture writing, from the hills. endstream endobj 34 0 obj<>/Outlines 1 0 R/Metadata 8 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 7 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 10 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-US)/LastModified(D:20070406134237)/PageLabels 5 0 R>> endobj 35 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 36 0 obj[37 0 R 38 0 R] endobj 37 0 obj<>/A 47 0 R/H/I/StructParent 1/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 38 0 obj<>/A 46 0 R/H/I/StructParent 2/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 39 0 obj<> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj[/ICCBased 48 0 R] endobj 43 0 obj<>stream ���q,�F}�B����C�5H��l�6,E��l��{�1G�mZ�΅�8�F�;7s�;U�FN�&NE��e�_� ���ārS� Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers". Your email address will not be published. Mexico, 16th century. When Montezuma Met Cortés The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History (Audiobook CD) : Restall, Matthew : The meeting of Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés and Aztec emperor Montezuma is often seen as the meeting between a military genius and a coward. Tune into AP World History News and witness the meeting of Hernan Cortes and Montezuma. Are you Moctezuma?" Are you not he? 0000080547 00000 n Dr. Alexis Carrel: How Did A Charlatan Win the Nobel Prize? In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. Cortés faces Montezuma on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan. 0 0. Dona Marina, the Indian translator, is sleeping with cortes in the palace given him by Montezuma. List of some of the major factors in the decline and collapse of the Aztec Empire. 33 0 obj <> endobj How did the meeting of Cortés and Montezuma mark a turning point in the way we think about other people? Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire. Matthew Restall is right: our view of what happened "when Montezuma met Cortés" has been completely distorted by 5 centuries of mythmaking, misrepresentations, and outright fabrications, all centered on the larger-than-life figure of Cortés. 0000081255 00000 n Montezuma was not a blithering, cowardly, effeminate loser. Like this article? 0000003743 00000 n The city is connected to the rest of the land by several causeways.] Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. This book is about why they often go wrong, and why we are so bad at understanding the strangers we come across. The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexicoseries depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and the ultimate victory of the Spanish over the native peoples. When Montezuma Met Cortés: the true story of the meeting that changed history, by Matthew Restall (HarperCollins, 2018). 57 0 obj<>stream But why? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Throughout human history, the vast majority of human interactions occurred between neighbors, relatives, or people that had at least some things in common, such as worshipping the same God. 0000081013 00000 n 0000006180 00000 n %%EOF H��W�s�F�_���B����d�I�M:����d��N�Z��Y��������8���������/�����էk��ݻ�W0����Cр��I�w?��% MQ�T��\�nf������l��|?�E�������������F�i���G ۙ�(�(�V�� %PDF-1.4 %���� When Montezuma first met Cortes, he is said to have lifted his shirt revealing the words saying, ' I am mortal blood as you are mortal blood' showing that Montezuma recognises that they are both human (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). Buy a cheap copy of Cortés and Montezuma book by Maurice Collis. ����l'��F�:�0��ZHs20��3J ��� Yet we, as a society, are incompetent at making sense of the strangers we come across. Why we're all terrible at understanding the intentions of other people, How these misunderstandings can lead to tragic, fatal consequences, The 2 things you can do to better understand complete strangers. Sign up for a free trial here. Amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and has taught in schools in the US and South Africa. May this in fact be his down fall? startxref Montezuma’s capture and murder at the hand of Cortés, followed by the death of nearly 20 million Aztecs. This is an example of one of the first times in human history that two people with entirely different assumptions, histories, and cultural backgrounds were thrown into contact. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images) ��i��X4 �%��UO��w����b����� �#�*��B�(�EI ����$gA�'$��Y��ĩݹpZ����oC��m��R��ʝ��ύzT� b/�(Q�O9�SrmSȝb��F�v�QM�����y�V��O��Hcf��O�I��%R�!C��[ FoemYP����ؚ�A�(��상9r�Lc�:J���Ѳ(�dlӓ��Zi���jۀީz�%�1�1~���Y(�}����,��'g%� �S�O�.0�\;1�����[�V(b��fs�~�?�� �q�W��W�شb�ĔX�"��� �_�f�@�i�Wzp�w���Z��c��V�Ё�j����M�DC�b@$e�� 1D«U5,o���P�N����C@��U�{%M�}�Zk��Q���6���7Cq*i'r��0�?� ��H5�H�{���x��Y��3f��*�. The empire that once extended from central Mexico to what is now Honduras and Nicaragua came to an end after the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes took the emperor Montezuma II … Cortes and Montezuma—The Meeting that Killed 20 Million Aztecs. Amanda received her Master's Degree in Education from the University of Pennsylvania. He is welcomed by Emperor Montezuma II, who thought Cortez was a god. Long story short: Cortés was not the brilliant, courageous, visionary, world-striding conqueror he has long been presented as. The convergence of Cortés and Montezuma is the most emblematic event in the birth of what would come to be called America. These he burns, so that Cortes will not learn their contents. Cortes is trimming his black beard. 0000000796 00000 n trailer 1428–1520 C.E. Gene Westover: Tara’s Religious, Mentally Ill Father (Educated), Dr. Emma Hayward—How She Helped Paul Kalanithi Live Fully, Dick Gregg: How an Outlaw Helped Crack the Osage Case, Piper Kerman: Jail Time Shows Systemic Inequality, Dawn of the Space Race: How Sputnik Ignited an American Crisis. You’ll begin to see where those strategies came from. Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, … 0000002126 00000 n On view in the exhibition is a remarkable example of colonial painting that depicts the conquest of Mexico on the front, and the viceregal capital of Mexico City on the back. Gaining this knowledge and accepting that his own beliefs may be flawed, he allows Cortes to indoctrinate the Aztec people into the Christian faith forsaking their own belief and thereby forfeiting their way of life. He took from a vase of flowers a chain made of shells ornamented with gold and joined by links of gold, and as he threw it over Cortes' head, he said, "This palace belongs to you, Malinche, and to your brethren. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. Cortes on Meeting Moctezuma. Then Cortés asked him: "Is it not you? 0000001800 00000 n He bowed his head low, stretched as far as he could, and stood firm. The result? x�bbba`b``�0 � K What happened when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico and met Montezuma? Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall supplies a … 640x436 Montezuma Meets Cortes (Illustration) - Montezuma Painting. By looking at some stories from world history and recent news, you’ll begin to understand the strategies people use to translate the words and intentions of strangers. Feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold. This article is an excerpt from the Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers" by Malcolm Gladwell.

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